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The land

This section focuses on land as a space, a piece of the Earth’s crust. SOILS are dealt with in the section Soils, plants and animals



Subsection(s):
  puce Land Ownership or Bundles of rights
  puce Appropriation, Concentration of Land and land grabbing Worldwide.
  puce News from Terre de Liens
puce Restart of the Lyon to Saint-Etienne highway project: an agricultural, environmental and economic scandal
Coline Sauzion

Since Laurent Wauquiez became president of the Auvergne Rhône-Alpes region by end of 2015, the A45 highway project is back on the political agenda as a priority. This project aims at doubling the free existing highway between Lyon and St Etienne by connecting Brignais (South suburb of Lyon) and La Fouillouse (North suburb of St Etienne) and would destroy at least 500 ha (hectares) of agricultural land. After many years of investigation, this project, initially launched in 1993, is (...)

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puce Petition to the European Parliament : Preserving and managing European farmland as our common wealth

Terre de Liens, a member of AGTER, is a promoter of this petition, with the European Confederation Via Campesina, AIAB, and Regionalwert AG . Of course, AGTER signed. We invite all the organizations which follow our activities to join the list of signatories. To support this petition, please send your signature to: Veronique Rioufol, Terre de liens: v.rioufol[at]terredeliens.org et Marta Di Pierro, AIAB: marta.dipierro[at]gmail.com Petition to the European Parliament Preserving and (...)

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puce Fragmentation of land tenure systems in Cambodia : peasants and the formalization of land rights
Jean-Christophe Diépart


puce Caste, class and Gender Disparities in Rural India

1. Introduction India is a country of vast inequalities. It is important to state it because this fact is often ignored in domestic as well as in international discussions on India’s development experience. In the international literature on economic inequality, India is typically identified as a place with low or moderate levels of inequality. This is a myth that we must reject at the outset. The state in India has mastered the art of producing sophisticated statistics that are bogus, and (...)

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puce INDIA. Jan Satyagraha : Indian Landless take the road again
Samuel L’Orphelin

The citizens’ movement raised by the Ekta Parishad network get, in october 2012, serious guarantees that the agrarian reform, whom it get the programmation in 2007, will be concretised. In 2007, 25000 Indian landless coordinated by Ekta Parishad walked to reclaim a new agrarian reform in India (see this article). The success of this march permitted to change the law about land distribution but was not enough to answer the needs of the poorest of the country (see this article). Seeing no (...)

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puce Pedagogic factsheet on Land tenure Issues in West Africa
Michel Merlet

The leaders of peasants and women’s organizations, NGOs, technicians, civil servants, decision-makers and donors who work on rural development issues in Africa need resources to guide their actions in the realm of land policy. The project to produce educational resources proposes a series of short texts, written in accessible and easy to understand language. The goal is to share information and knowledge on a large scale, but also to clarify discussions between a variety of users and to (...)

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puce Legal Pluralism as New Perspective to Study Land Rights in Nicaragua. A different look at the Sandinista Agrarian Reform.

Several members of AGTER participated in the Conference on Land Refoms and Management of Natural Resources in Africa and Latin America, which was organised in Lleida (Spain) in November 2010. Pierre Merlet presented the paper that can be downloaded below, underlining the interest of legal pluralism approach to have a new look at the Sandinista Agrarian Reform. Abstract Before the 1980’s state-led agrarian reform in Nicaragua, the country was characterized by a very unequal distribution of (...)

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puce White Paper of the French Development Cooperation: Land Governance and Security of Tenure in Developing Countries

Bringing together experts, researchers and French Cooperation agents, the Technical Committee on “Land Tenure and Development” is an informal think tank. Since 1996, it has provided French International Cooperation support on strategies and activity supervision in the fi eld of land tenure in conjunction with numerous French and international actors. The Technical Committee on “Land Tenure and Development” initiated the website “www.foncier-developpement.org”. The White Paper was drafted under (...)

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puce NETHERLANDS: An interventionist agricultural policy intended to reduce regional inequalities (S. Devienne).

The Netherlands possesses the most efficient agricultural sector in the European Union: with only 1.6% of its active population, this small country produces 8% of the EU’s agricultural output, and rivals with France at the international level for second place behind the USA among agro-exporting countries. This high performance originates in Dutch agricultural history, since the coastal regions of the country have been at the forefront of agricultural development in Western Europe for more (...)

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puce DENMARK. A pioneer for small farmers in Western Europe. (C. Servolin).


puce Documents from the World Forum on Agrarian Reform (Valencia, Decembre 2004)
Mary Rodeghier

The main documents drafted during the World Forum on Agrarian Reform (WFAR) Pascual Carrion, which was held in Valencia (Spain) from December 4-8, 2004, are presented herein. Please consult the WFAR’s official site for more information about this event. Documentary videos filmed during the Forum and interviews with some of the participants from around the world are available on their site. The Acts of the Forum The Acts of the Forum were drafted and published in Spanish by CERAI, the (...)

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puce How did the concept of "land ownership" come about? Joseph Comby.
Michel Merlet

Presenting a few key texts by Joseph Comby. The concept of “land ownership” is not universal. It came about very late in the history of mankind, and even today, it does not necessarily make sense in many cultures. Prior to the French Revolution, the plural term, “droits de propriété”, which corresponds to “property rights” in English, was used. Being aware of this is crucial as new ways to ensure land rights are being elaborated. Josephy Comby, founder of ADEF (Association for the Development (...)

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puce In support of sustainable land policies, for land is a natural resource that needs to be respected as much as water or air
Robert Levesque

Land use and hence land policies are intimately linked to the greatest challenges of this century: the global warming cause, feeding 9 billion inhabitants by 2050, meeting energy needs, maintaining biodiversity, assuring the quality of natural resources such as water, and fulfilling infrastructure and housing needs. Even now, before the 2050 levels cited by the Kyoto Protocol are reached (450 ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere), the risk presented by global warming is considerable: the greater (...)

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puce Governance of land
Michel Merlet

Many conflicts occurring today all over the world are still related to land issues. These land tenure related conflicts can be classified in three main categories according to their origin: A very unequal distribution of land. This is a situation that calls for the implementation of agrarian reforms. An insecure access to land or to resources: non-recognition of customary rights, access to land not secured for the farmers renting land or for the sharecroppers, precarious rights for (...)

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puce ICARRD-FAO. AGTER prepared the issue paper #2 for the International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development - Porto Alegre, 7th to 10th of March 2006 - and participated in the Conference.

Twenty-seven years after the last conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (1979) and the writing of the Peasants’ Charter, the FAO, in partnership with the Brazilian government, organized in 2006 a new world conference on this theme. In order to prepare the discussion, the FAO asked some experts on land issues and rural development to write the issue documents of the conference. Two members of AGTER, Michel MERLET and Vicent GARCES, and a partner, Samuel THIRION, have been (...)

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